Sports Medicine- Advanced

Sports Medicine- Advanced

Sports Medicine- Advanced

Sports medicine is the application of medical knowledge to improve the performance of a sports person. It covers many aspects of sport – from training techniques to enhance and improve performance, to rehabilitation after injury, as well as prevention of injury in the first place.

A branch of medicine dealing with physical fitness, treatment and prevention of sports and exercise related injuries is called Sports Medicine.

Sports medicine includes Alcohol and Athletic Performance, Steroids, Pesticides and Athletes, Blood Clots during exercise, Caffeine and Exercise Performance, Chronobiological Effects on Exercise, Cocaine Abuse in Sports , Dehydration and Aging, Eating Disorders, Endurance Exercise Following Stroke, Energy Expenditure in Different Modes of Exercise , Resistance training and injury prevention etc.

Why are Sports Doctors needed?

With an increasingly scientific approach to sports performance and rehabilitation, injury management and performance enhancement, careers as athletic or sports therapists are gaining popularity.

Athletic/sports therapists are healthcare professionals with expertise in injury prevention/management, musculoskeletal rehabilitation as well as developing conditioning and performance enhancement programs for athletes of varying capabilities.


-Instantaneous on-field emergency injury assessment and management.
-Making fair and unbiased decisions on athletes returning to full participation.
-Clinical Check-up of injury.
-Sport equipment fitting, maintenance, and emergency removal.
-Issuing protective techniques and implementing them to allow the athletes to get physically active again.
-Fulfilling the medical and accidental record forms of people coming in.

Career Options in Sports Medicine

There is a wide array of sports medicine career choices. Even the careers of some nurses, nutritionists and dietitians can fall under the umbrella of sports medicine, if those professionals focus on some aspect of fitness or sports.

Some of the most common job titles within the field of sports medicine include sports medicine physician, athletic trainer, exercise physiologist, kinesiotherapist and physical therapist.

  • Sports Medicine Physicians

Both medical doctors and doctors of osteopathy deal with sports-related injuries and illnesses. Medical doctors diagnose and treat patients, prescribe medications and perform surgery.

It is of prime importance for sports medicine doctors to be able to communicate well with their patients, carers and also colleagues.
There is no single quality that makes a good doctor. Medicine includes a very diverse range of people, working in different roles. As in any strong team, it needs players with different aptitudes that go along with each other.

  • Physical Therapists

Physical therapists diagnose and treat patients facing a wide array of physical challenges, including sports-related injuries or disabilities. They help restore function and mobility to injured limbs or other parts of the body, relieve pain and try to prevent or limit the effects of disabilities caused by an accident or disease.

  • Athletic Trainers

Athletic trainers diagnose, treat and work to prevent injuries, including sports-related injuries, in patients of all ages.

  • Exercise Physiologists

An exercise physiologist works with patients to maintain and improve their physical fitness. They focus on the cardiovascular system, and help rehabilitate people who suffer from heart problems or other chronic diseases. Exercise physiologists also develop customized exercise plans and offer sports training guidance and counseling.

  • Kinesiotherapists

Kinesiotherapists also focus on the health benefits of exercise. They develop and supervise exercise programs to help people regain their strength and mobility following an injury or illness. They develop therapeutic exercise plans, including aquatic exercise, and help people re-learn how to walk or use a prosthetic limb.

  • Dietician:

The occupation of a dietician is to strategize the diet for an athlete and agree on his intake of essential nutrients. The dietician must have an American Dietetic Association (ADA) approved internship and a certification.

  • Fitness instructor:

A fitness coach works either in the gym or on a fixed job for a sports team. He works along with the fitness team, which includes the physical therapists, coaches, exercise physiologists, etc.



Sports Medicine is a highly specialized branch of medical science, which can only be studied after the completion of your MBBS degree. For getting admission into a diploma course, you need to appear for the All India Sports Medicine Post Graduate entrance test, followed by an interview.

Courses in sports medicine:
 Post graduate Diploma in Sports (2years)
Bachelor of Medicine/Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS examination from any of the Indian/Foreign university recognized by Medical Council of India),
-Master in Sports Physiotherapy (M.S.P.T.) & Master in Sports Physiotherapy (Hons.) (2 years)
– Masters in Exercise Physiology and Nutrition (M.E.P.N) (2 years)

Work profile in sports medicine:
-Examination of athletic injuries to decide their management and the possible referrals.
-Compilation of injury reports including the immediate care provided to athletes.
-Preparation of athletes for practice or competition including taping, bandaging and bracing
-Growth of individual exercise/treatment programs for athletes as required
-Collaboration with physicians and other medical staffs regarding athlete status
-Communication with coaches, parents, athletes, as well as administration at contracted high schools or affiliated organizations
-Participation with pre-season/off-season conditioning programs for high school athletes

What should you be like?

-Care for people
Are you concerned about the people around you and what happens to them?

-An inquisitive mind
Are you always on a look out for knowledge about things that interest you? Are you analytical and upbeat with the knowledge that you already have?

-Curiosity about people
Are you always interested in knowing how other people think and feel? Are you generally fond of other people and are interested in what other people do and say?

-A coherent approach
Are you keen to chalk down facts and test ideas and know about how things work and how and why do they go wrong? Is your approach towards problems logical?

-An exposed mind
Are you “good to go” with people whose attitudes and backgrounds are completely different from yours? Can you analyse things from various viewpoints?

-Ability to handle pressure
How have you coped with pressure situations such as the build-up to exams? Does it affect your behaviour significantly or can you handle it?

-Persistence and Patience
Do you lose your patience easily with people, or do you agree to go along at their pace?

If something doesn’t come to you at the first shot, do you put in time and effort to sort it out with determination?


If you want to specialize in this field, then the 2 year Post Graduate Diploma in Sports Medicine  (PGDSM) at the Faculty of Sports Sciences, Netaji Subhash National Institute of Sports  (NSNIS), Patiala, is a great option. This diploma is affiliated with Baba Farid University of Health  Sciences, Faridkot and is recognized by the Medical Council of India, and the institute is the country’s  best in the field.

The Hospital for Orthopedics, Sports Medicine, Arthritis and Accident-Trauma in Bangalore   offers a post-MBBS basic course, and an advance course for orthopedic surgeons.

The Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar has MD and PhD programs in Sports Medicine.

You also have the option of pursuing an MD from the All India Institute of Hygiene & Public  Health, Kolkata or the Sri Ramachandra University, Chennai.

Netaji subhash national institute of sports,patiala Post graduate diploma in sports(2years) Bachelor of Medicine/Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS examination from any of the Indian/Foreign university recognized by Medical Council of India), one year compulsory rotatory internship. Admission is made on the basis of rank obtained in the All India Sports Medicine Post Graduate Entrance Test (SMPGET) and Interview. Interview carries 50 marks.
Guru nanak dev university,amritsar Bachelor in Physiotherapy (B.P.T.)(4.5 years)
Master in Sports Physiotherapy (M.S.P.T.) & Master in Sports Physiotherapy (Hons.)( 2 years)
Masters in Exercise Physiology and Nutrition (M.E.P.N) (2 years)
Bachelor in physiotherapy(B.P.T)
12th Standard examination conforming to 10+2 (Medical Stream) of the Punjab School Education Board or equivalent with 50% marks.
Masters in sports physiotherapy{m.s.p.t}and master in sports physiotherapy(hons.)
Bachelor in Physiotherapy with at least 50% from any recognized University / Institute or equivalent or higher degree or M.B.B.S.
Masters in exercise physiology and nutrition (M.E.P.N)
Bachelor’s degree or higher degree in medical or biological sciences from any recognized University/Institute graduating with at least 50% marks.
Entrance Test to be conducted by the Department for all the courses
Sri Ramchandra University, Tamil Nadu MD in Sports Medicine (3 YEARS) MBBS NA