In many parts of the world, cosmetic surgery is an elective procedure that a patient chooses to have for several reasons. On the other hand, plastic surgery can be the medical solution to reconstruct a person’s appearance after injury, illness, accident, or defect/deformity. The talented professionals who complete these life-altering medical procedures are referred to as Plastic surgeons; medical doctors who improve and reconstruct the physical appearance of patients, by performing reconstructive or cosmetic surgery.
Plastic surgery can be divided into two specialties: Cosmetic (or aesthetic) surgery, and reconstructive surgery. Cosmetic surgery is intended to improve the appearance of a person, while reconstructive surgery is intended to improve function, or approximate a normal appearance.
Who is a Plastic Surgeon?
Contrary to popular belief, a plastic surgeon does much more than simple tummy tucks, and facelifts. While it’s true that many plastic surgeons specialize in cosmetic procedures meant to enhance the outward appearance of a patient, plastic surgeons also specialize in reconstructive techniques that improve function and mobility.
Board-certified plastic surgeons are educated and trained in the many components of both cosmetic and reconstructive surgery. They can specialize in very specific areas of the body, or perform non-surgical techniques; for example, Botox injections, tattoo removal or chemical peels.
A solid understanding of surgical anatomy, pathology, physiology and other basic sciences is also fundamental to a plastic surgeon specialty, as is, technical expertise, ethical behavior, manual dexterity, surgical judgment and interpersonal skills. Maintaining strong and up-beat patient relationships is also imperative to a successful outcome after, and before surgery.
As “partners in care,” patients and their surgeons should meet prior to surgery to discuss a patient’s reason(s) for having plastic surgery, goals and expectations, possible risks involved with all surgeries, and any other questions or concerns the patient may have.
Plastic Surgeon Eligibility
Candidates aspiring to become a Plastic Surgeon must possess a 5½ years MBBS degree followed by 2- 3 years M.S.(Plastic Surgery) course.
What do they do?
Plastic Surgeons job description include giving specific shape and molding certain part of body such as the nose, ears and face for cosmetic and functional effect. Their work also includes repairing congenital problems, such as malformed bone structure in hands or feet. They reshapes the normal body parts with cosmetic surgery for aesthetic reasons and adopt reconstructive surgery for the damaged body parts due to accidents, fires incidents, illness or malformation.
The work encompasses a wide range of conditions in different parts of the body. Plastic surgeons may work with both children and adults.
Plastic surgery is so much more than “cosmetic or aesthetic” surgery. While cosmetic surgery is probably the most visible and perhaps the most glamorous aspect of plastic surgery, it’s a relatively small part of the specialty. Plastic surgery may be used not only to enhance a person’s looks, but also to restore a patient’s appearance following an accident or a bout with cancer or another disease. A plastic surgeon may work on nearly any area of the body, and many specialize in a particular body location, such as the head and neck or hands.
Plastic surgeons don’t own a disease like cancer doctors do, and they don’t own a part of the body like heart surgeons do. They work all over the body on all kinds of diseases and frequently with other physicians in a multi-disciplinary group. Plastic surgeons acquire special skills and knowledge, such as how to design a skin graft or create a flap graft. They learn how to transfer tissue from one part of the body to another; manage complex wounds; and use implantable materials, such as plastic or metal.
In addition to administering cosmetic procedures, such as face lifts, plastic surgeons may treat the bones of the face and skull; repair cleft lips or cleft palates; reattach severed fingers, toes or limbs; and treat congenital problems. Microvascular plastic surgery is so delicate that it requires the use of a microscope and tiny sutures finer than human hair. Burn patients often need plastic surgery to cover areas where skin has been damaged or scarred. Patients who have received traumatic injuries may also need plastic surgery.
- Clear M.B.B.S. entrance
- Study to clear M.B.B.S. finals
- Then prepare for M.S. Surgery entrance & put yourself together to clear M.S. Surgery finals
Prepare for. plastic surgery entrance & clear its finals
Minimum dedication of 14 years after 12th is required
Is it the Right career for me?
Plastic surgery is unique in that it is a specialty devoted to a concept rather than an anatomic area; problem solving is critical for evaluating multiple surgical approaches to a problem and coming up with the best solution. This means that there is overlap with many other specialties and that frequently one is doing reconstruction with other surgeons. Therefore, the culture is one that promotes excellence and technical virtuosity, creative thinking, and cooperation with other surgical specialists.
The increasing number of accidents and awareness about importance of appearance has resulted in a boom in the demand for plastic surgeons. Job openings will also stem from the need to replace plastic surgeons that retire, transfer, or leave the field for other reasons. Plastic surgeons shape and mould regions of the body like the ears, face, trunk, hands and other extremities. Plastic surgery has been prominent in the development of innovative techniques such as microvascular and cranio-maxillofacial surgery, liposuction, and tissue transfer.
Change in Life Style, Modernization has made people more conscious about their physical appearance and outlook than any time before. Improved techniques and procedure has made this possible by plastic surgery. This has increased the demand for expert Plastic Surgeon than ever before. Thus the prospects for Plastic Surgeons are quite bright in the coming times too. There is good scope for Plastic Surgeons not only in Government Sector but also Private Sector Hospitals and Plastic Surgery Centers too.
It depends greatly on the geographical area – as with many specialties. There are plenty of opportunities for plastic surgeons who are willing to do complex reconstruction. Cosmetic surgery requires time to develop a practice and is probably more competitive in most major urban areas.
Many people, especially those working in the entertainment industry, always look for some kind of modification in their physical appearance and thus, resort to a cosmetic surgeon. This is the reason why the importance of cosmetic surgery has increased in the present scenario. After pursuing a course in the relevant field, one can specialize in a particular part of a body (for the purpose) or a surgical technique.
Plastic surgery is a lucrative specialty in medicine and those who practice it earn much better compared to general surgeons. Some of them opt to be paid on a per case basis, meaning they get paid every time they perform a cosmetic surgery, and the amount they receive is also significant. Salary ranges from Rs. 1,00,000 to Rs. 1,50,000 per month, depending upon the location, specialization, expertise and experience of the Plastic Surgeon. However, in government sector scale is less compared to private. Besides they are also entitled to various perks and allowances such as free accommodation, medical coverage, paid vacation, sick days, paid holidays and post retirement pension.
Plastic surgeons work in hospitals and private clinics, correcting physical deformities, reconstructing body parts and performing cosmetic surgeries. They use a variety of instruments to perform operations while patients are under anesthesia.
As a plastic surgeon, you’ll examine and counsel patients, perform tests and conduct follow-up visits.
In this field, you’ll work with other physicians and medical staff, including nurses, anesthetists and medical assistants.
Demand and Supply
The rate of growth for surgeons is expected to be about fourteen percent between now and 2016. However, it is only logical to conclude that with so much demand for plastic surgery, the job growth in the field could exceed this anticipated fourteen percent. If you train to be a plastic surgeon now, there is a very high chance that when you finish school, your job search will be easy and profitable.
Examine and evaluate patients who have congenital deformities or defects from disease or injury; perform surgery to correct, reconstruct or repair physical or functional defects; perform cosmetic surgery
- Meet with a patient to learn complaints, symptoms, needs and desires, and medical history;
- Diagnose the problem, suggest a medical procedure to correct it, and explain the benefits and risks;
- Schedule the operation and line up the necessary nurses, anesthesiologists, assistants, specialists, or other medical professionals who are needed;
- Perform procedures to improve the patient’s appearance, repair damaged tissues, or correct deformities;
- Meet with the patient following the surgery and make post-operative recommendations;
- If maintaining a private office, hire and supervise administrative and medical staff, and oversee finances; and
- Receive continuing education, read medical manuals, and attend conferences.
One can work as a surgeon in any super-specialty hospital or set up own clinic and earn a lot in India as well as abroad. Plastic Surgeons work in collaboration with other surgeons and specialists such as dermatologists, otolaryngologists, pediatric surgeons, orthopedic surgeons, urologists etc depending on the type of surgery that takes place. Some can opt academics as a career choice and take up faculty positions in medical colleges. Yet another group can opt for research and contribute to latest developments in the field.
There are five main areas of work in plastic surgery:
- Trauma and burns
- Cancer (skin, head and neck, breast and sarcoma)
- Congenital deformities
- Tissue degenerative conditions requiring reconstruction
- Normalization and improvement of appearance
- High salary (median yearly salary of about $350,000)
- Opportunity to help others
- Faster-than-average outlook is predicted for physicians and surgeons (18% from 2012-2022)
- Many specialties exist within the field (for example, cosmetic surgery, reconstructive surgery and hand surgery)
- Education and training are extensive and costly (generally around 14 years of postsecondary education and training are required)
- Hours may be long and irregular
- Entry into medical school is highly competitive
- May stand for long periods
Plastic surgeons generally work in hospitals or clinics. Many have private offices where they consult with patients before and after surgical procedures.