What is Plastic Surgery?
Plastic surgery is a medical specialty concerned with the correction or restoration of form and function of body parts. Plastic surgery is focused on repairing, reconstructing or replacing abnormalities in the functioning and form of the skin, muscles, skeletal system and many other areas of the body. As such a plastic surgeon, may perform two types of surgery: cosmetic surgery to improve appearance and reconstructive surgery to correct appearance after an injury or to improve bodily function.
Who are plastic Surgeons?
Plastic surgeons will operate on all parts of the body, from head to toe. The field of plastic surgery is so broad, that subspecialties exist within the specialty of plastic surgery, including cranio-maxillofacial surgery, microvascular reconstruction surgery, hand surgery, burn surgery and cosmetic surgery, just to name a few. A plastic surgeon can choose to specialize in one of these areas, or practice the entire scope of plastic surgery. While Cranio-maxillofacial is surgery to treat diseases, injuries and defects in the head, neck, face, jaws and the hard and soft tissues of the oral (mouth) and maxillofacial (jaws and face) region, Microvascular surgery is surgical reconstruction of jaws and mouth, throat etc which involves moving a composite piece of tissue from another part of the body to the head and neck.
The specialty of plastic surgery is applicable to a wide range of conditions (including cancer and trauma) and a wide range of anatomical sites (from scalp to the toes). Some people in need of plastic surgery are effected right from birth, such as cleft lips and cleft palates. Car crashes, fires, and other terrible accidents can leave people wounded and in need of plastic and reconstructive surgery. By opting for this surgical procedure, such people are able to reconstruct their body parts. Plastic surgeons administer cosmetic procedures, such as face lifts, they may treat the bones of the face and skull; repair cleft lips or cleft palates; reattach severed fingers, toes or limbs; and treat congenital problems.
How to become a Plastic Surgeon?
Aspiring candidates have to follow the below given steps to become a Plastic Surgeon.
Students who have appeared or are appearing in +2 (with Physics, Chemistry and Biology as main subjects) have to appear in an Medical Entrance Tests conducted by the various State and Independent bodies like PMT, taken by Punjab Government and AIPMT (Pre Medical Test) taken by the CBSE to admit candidates in various medical institutions affiliated with it.
Separate test are conducted by some of the highly rated medical institutions like AIIMS, PGI, GMCH, AFMC Pune etc. These exams are generally held in the month of May-June.
After completion of this four and half years of MBBS degree course and one years and six months compulsory training one has to go for M.S.( Plastic Surgery).
Aspiring MBBS doctors have to appear in Post Graduate Medical Entrance Tests like All India Post Graduate Medical/Dental Entrance Exam and Jawaharlal Institute of Post-graduate Medical Education and Research Entrance Exam.
However some institutes also provide admission on the basis of marks obtained in MBBS course and work experience of the aspiring candidates.
After completing their requisite specialization courses i.e M.S.(Plastic Surgery) and getting the mandatory registration from Medical Council of India the budding Plastic Surgeons can get jobs in reputed Government and Private Hospitals like AIIMS etc. Nephrologist with good entrepreneurial skill can also open their own Clinic and provide services to the patients.
Those who want to go for further specialization or research work can also opt for M.Ch.(Plastic Surgery) after completion of 2-3 years of M.S.(Plastic Surgery) courses.
What is the workplace like?
A plastic surgeon can enjoy a thriving practice in either an academic or private-practice setting. Duties within an average working week may include outpatients clinic, surgery, on-call work, and dealing with any on-call referrals. Plastic surgeons collaborate with people from many other specialties including those from ear, nose, and throat; orthopaedics; neurosurgery; dermatology; gynaecology; maxillofacial surgery; and breast surgery, as well as other health professionals. A plastic surgeon can choose to limit a practice to one of these areas, or practice the entire scope of plastic surgery.
A plastic surgeon may also choose to become active in academic research in plastic surgery, which is very active in institutions across the country and around the world.
Several medical colleges in India are now offering courses in cosmetic surgery at different degree levels. Most of the institutes conduct courses at the postgraduate degree and diploma level with the objective of training students for becoming successful cosmetic surgeons. Talking about eligibility, one has to complete graduation in the relevant field from any recognized University or institute.
Within the field of plastic surgery, there are many specialties to choose from. Some plastic surgeons work in reconstructive surgery, giving function and beauty to damaged parts of the body. For example, a reconstructive plastic surgeon may reconnect tissues in an injured limb or reconstruct a breast following a mastectomy. Microsurgery is another option within this field. Working as a microsurgeon requires you to reconnect nerves, muscles and tiny tissues.
Some plastic surgeons focus on a specific part of the body. Craniofacial surgeons perform procedures on the face, head and skull. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons deal with matters of the mouth and jaw. Hand surgeons treat hand and limb problems, such as carpal tunnel. Other plastic surgeons specialize in cosmetic surgery and handle aesthetic procedures, such as breast augmentation and liposuction.
Enjoy the operating room, technical aspects of surgery
Inquiring mind, synthetic thought process
Good with patients