Dermatology- Intermediate

Dermatology- Intermediate

Dermatology- Intermediate

Detailed Information on Dermatologist

A branch of medicine, dermatology deals with the skin and its diseases. This speciality involves both medical and surgical interventions. Dermatologists treat diseases as well as cosmetic problems of the skin, hair, scalp and nails.

Dermatology is one of the branches of medical sciences. It is related to physiology and pathology of the skin, hair and nails. Acne scar removal, treatment of aged or sun-damaged skin, chemical peel, dermabrasion / dermaplaning, cryosurgery etc. The demand of skilled dermatologists in both government hospitals and private hospitals is increasing in India. This is the reason why many people are opting for building a career in dermatology, as it has turned out to be a lucrative option. In case you want to become a dermatologist, you need to pursue a course related to the field at the undergraduate or postgraduate level, from a medical college or a university.

Who is a Dermatologist?

A person who is specialized in Dermatology and has the privilege to work under Dermatology is called a Dermatologist. A Dermatologist usually deals with all diseases concerning skin, hair, nail and scalp. Various treatment methods are adopted by Dermatologists to cure diseases related to human body.  A career in Dermatology includes hair transplantation, hair removal using laser technology or by other means, systematic therapy, allergy testing, cosmetic filler injections, phototherapy, laser therapy etc. They are specially trained people passed out from Dermatology schools and are expert in curing various skin diseases, sexually transmitted diseases, leprosy and cosmetic dermatological diseases.

What do they do?

The primary responsibility of a dermatologist is to diagnose and treat both pediatric and adult patients who are suffering from any conditions affecting the skin, hair, fingernails, external genetilia and mouth. They generally perform mole extractions, botox injections and other procedures. Dermatologists normally help patients deal with and fight skin cancers and other skin tumors. These highly specialized physicians try to cure both allergic and nonallergic skin conditions.

There are two general career paths that one can choose within the field of dermatology. If you prefer to perform surgeries and operations on people with a wide range of conditions, you can opt to become a surgical dermatologist. If you prefer to prescribe medication that will help cure the problem, you can become a clinical dermatologist or a dermatopathologist. Most dermatologists actually practice either field on a case-to-case basis, since some patients require clinical attention while others require surgical care.

Some dermatologists engage in only pediatric dermatology, which means they only cater to conditions being faced by new-born babies, infants, and young children. These dermatologists often work in the maternity ward of hospitals so that they can help babies who are born with skin conditions cope as soon as they are born. Dermatologists may also specialize in performing various cosmetic surgeries including facelifts and botox surgeries.


Opt for science with physics, chemistry and biology in Class 12. Follow an MBBS degree with one of the options — a three-year MD programme in dermatology, venereology and leprosy or a two- year diploma course in dermatology, venereology and leprosy; do a house job, clear the primary exam of the National Board of Examination and then get a diplomate of the National Board of Medical Examinations (DNB) degree in dermatology which is a three-year programme; do a house job, earn a diploma in dermatology and then complete a two-year DNB programme

Is it the Right career for me?

This career is only for people who are willing to put in a lot of hard work to gain the required certification necessary to practice dermatology. Dermatologists need to be able to deal with a wide range of exotic skin and hair conditions. They must not cringe if they see anything unusual in their patients since it is quite likely that they will encounter people with conditions that affect their appearance significantly. This career is for dedicated people who have the passion to help others improve their lives.

Job Prospects

Disorders of the skin, hair, and nails fall within the remit of a dermatologist. The specialty is divided broadly into medical and surgical fields, with clinicians in secondary care often practising both. In countries like India, training and practice in dermatology are combined with venereology, whereas in the United Kingdom, genitourinary medicine is a separate specialty. Hence those wanting to specialise in dermatology in India have a promising career ahead.

Career opportunities for physicians and surgeons in general were predicted to grow by 14% nationwide from 2014 to 2024, which was faster than the average for all occupations, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). According to, dermatologists earned a median annual salary of $204,072 as of January 2016.

Job Outlook

There are a lot of openings in the field of dermatology. It is one of the less preferred routes that doctors tend to take. There is a strong demand for highly qualified dermatologists all over the world, and it is expected that the number of openings will continue to grow. Although dermatologists may find competition at entry level, it will ease out once they gain experience and develop a client base.

Market Watch

Dermatology is a lucrative field in developed countries, including the United States, Canada, Australia and the United Kingdom. In India, people living in the urban centers tend to visit dermatologists more frequently. Mumbai is the best place in the country to practice dermatology. The general rule of thumb is that wherever a greater number of people have settled, the more clients you may find, and the higher the remuneration.

Pay Packet

Dermatologists are generally well-compensated all over the world. In India, dermatologists on average earn Rs. 400,000 annually. However, with experience, this figure can increase dramatically. In the United States, dermatologists enjoy an annual salary generally ranging between $280,000 and $480,000.

Typical Workday

Dermatologists generally work from clinics. The kind of procedures they normally perform do not require them to visit a hospital, in most circumstances. As a result, dermatologists spend most of their day at work clinics. They are free to set appointments according to their own convenience, and so they enjoy a great deal of flexibility and certainty when it comes to their work. Unlike other doctors, they don’t need to worry about being paged in the middle of the night.

Demand and Supply

“There are lots of job opportunities are available for Dermatologist”.

With the increasing skin problems worldwide, the demands of Dermatologist who can work on various skin treatment techniques has been increased.

Lucrative career opportunities for dermatologists are available. A dermatologist can work in the dermatology department of a reputed hospital. One can also open his/her own clinic where he/she can perform practice and make good money.


A dermatologist has the following responsibilities:

  • Diagnosis and treat skin cancer, melanomas, moles and skin tumors.
  • Treat hair loss, scars and other skin associated problems.
  • Performs cosmetic surgery.
  • Teach the patient about basic skin care and hair care.


Dermatologists are of three types namely pediatric dermatology, dermatopathology and procedural dermatology. You can be specialized as per your interest in any one of the aforesaid specializations.

  • Dermatology Professor
  • Skin Specialist
  • Medical Representative
  • Clinical Application specialist
  • Therapy Manager – IVF Artificial Reproduction
  • Dermatology Consultant
  • Sales Coordinator
  • Product Manager


  • Student must be intelligent, hardworking and have patience to treat and study their patients.
  • They must be able to perform various procedures like cryotherapy, biopsies, etc.
  • You must have good academic record with a desire to succeed.
  • They should have ability to work long hours with the skills of self motivation, punctual & calm.



There is a lot to live for as a dermatologist. These professionals are well-compensated for the work they do. Due to the kind of clientele most dermatologists attract, they are generally paid upfront in cash and do not need to bother going through insurance companies to seek reimbursements.
Dermatologists, unlike most other physicians and surgeons, do not have to spend nights at hospitals or always be on call. Their procedures are generally scheduled well in advance according to their convenience. After all, there is no such thing as an emergency botox procedure!
  • Clinical variety
  • Reliance on clinical diagnostic skills
  • Rewarding work—curable or controllable diseases
  • Patients rarely life threateningly unwell
  • Less demanding out of hours workload
  • Medical and surgical options
  • Can link clinical findings to pathological findings
  • Great opportunities for clinical or lab based research—skin is visible and accessible
  • Flexible specialist training


The biggest downside that comes along with a career in dermatology is that since they generally are not employed by hospitals to perform regular procedures, they may find difficulty in getting work.
Besides that, dermatologists rarely perform emergency procedures, and during times of economic recession, people may avoid visiting dermatologists for procedures that are not absolutely necessary so that they may save up on hefty medical bills. Performing mainly aesthetic procedures may not guarantee steady income for dermatologists.
  • Very large and increasing tumour workload
  • Busy working week, requiring good time management skills
  • Competition for jobs is tough at specialty trainee year 3 level
  • Less acute work than some other specialties


Jobs to dermatologists is also offered by the government as well as private hospitals. Those holding degree in this field can also opt their career in teaching. Job opportunities are also available in abroad.

Some areas where dermatologist can find job placements are government and private hospitals, skin care centres, dispensaries, government and private colleges and many others.

After earning doctor of medicine in dermatology, one can also go for the research work.